Health is probably the most essential human good and basis for long and happy life. But what is health? And how does health affect our body and our everyday life? This article gives a brief overview and shows how important sport and a healthy diet are for our well-being.
What is health anyway?
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not just the absence of disease or infirmity.
This last point, in particular, represents a radical rethink: The question "What is health" is no longer answered with outdated definitions and interpretive approaches. Instead, the answer focuses on one's well-being.
It usually consists of physical, mental, and spiritual and material factors. Today, we understand health as a dynamic process in which a person is never wholly healthy but never entirely ill. By reducing risk factors, you can make a big step towards being healthy.
Health Effects of Sport and Nutrition
In addition to sunlight and a balanced mental state, physical activity and nutrition have the most significant influence on our well-being and thus on our health. In recent years, however, substantial adverse developments have been observed, especially in the areas of exercise and nutrition.
An increasing lack of exercise promotes numerous diseases in today's industrial nations. In this context, we speak of so-called hypokinesis (lack of use), such as cardiovascular diseases, poor performance in breathing and metabolism, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus II, back pain, disorders of the immune system and many more.
The effects of lack of exercise in children and adolescents are particularly severe. Exercise and sport are essential for positive physical, mental, and spiritual development.
One example is the project "Sports for all Initiatives" (HHS), which found out that regular exercise has a positive effect on not only athletic performance but also cognitive performance (e.g., in subjects such as maths and English).
The Great Importance of Movement
In recent decades, scientific research results have equally demonstrated the immense importance of regular exercise in disease prevention and therapy/rehabilitation in disease.
Thus, for example, regular endurance training can already be used to detect considerable effects after a relatively short period. Positive physical and psychological adaptation processes take place in the following areas, among others:
- The vegetative nervous system (sleep-wake rhythm, bowel movement, sweating, etc.)
- Cardiovascular Function
- Metabolic Processes
- Improvement of the immune system
- Psychic changes in the sense of an improvement in performance and mood
- Increase in stress tolerance
Similarly, the situation is similar when it comes to nutrition. The effects of the negative changes in nutritional behavior (fast food, frozen food, lack of time, over-caloric nutrition) can also felt in society here.
Overweight, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, psycho-social disadvantages are only some severe consequences of malnutrition. Through a healthy diet, one's health and individual well-being can improve and preventive action taken against a variety of diseases. So there is a lot of truth in the well-known saying, "You are what you eat."
We have therefore prepared some helpful tips on the subject of nutrition for you.
Conclusion on the question "What is health"?
In summary, health is a dynamic process and is made up of many different factors. It is not the absence of illness that is in the foreground, but rather one's well-being.
We can positively influence our health and thus also our quality of life very well through sporting activity and healthy nutrition, increase performance, and take preventive action against illnesses. Especially in childhood and adolescence, the course sets up for future physical and mental development.