There is no guarantee of escaping Alzheimer Dementia later in life. According to scientists, however, there is the possibility of significantly reducing one’s own dementia risk. Lifestyle plays an essential role in this.
In a study, researchers from Leipzig named seven risk factors for dementia. Who would like to lower its risk of falling ill with dementia, certain factors should avoid.
To the largest dangers belong
- High blood pressure
- lack of exercise
- low educational attainment
Healthy nutrition and sufficient training
Preventing diabetes, high blood pressure, and overweight means getting enough exercise and keeping an average weight. It includes a healthy diet with plenty of fruit, vegetables, and fiber. Sugar should only eat in moderation. Although this does not pose a direct risk of dementia, people who eat a lot of sugar-rich foods increase the risk of developing adult-onset diabetes over the years – and thus Alzheimer‘s too.
Omega-3 fatty acids
The experts also recommend eating fish at least twice a week. In particular, sea fish such as salmon and herring contain unique omega 3 fatty acids that have been shown in studies to reduce the risk of Alzheimer‘s disease. Also, the supply with important Vitaminen, mineral materials, and trace elements is essential, for the Vorbeugung of the dementia illness.
Challenging the brain
Mental challenges keep the brain fit and efficient, especially in advanced age. As soon as the spiritual work for the mind is strenuous and goes beyond routine, the nerve cells in the brain are activated. It also applies to sports activities: they should, therefore, challenge the body and make it sweat. A leisurely walk alone is not enough.
It is also essential to get enough sleep and to avoid sitting for long periods. People who sit motionless on the couch or in front of the computer for hours on end can do considerable damage to their bodies. Social contacts and activities are also crucial for a fit brain.
Causes of dementia: This is how memory loss occurs
Science still hasn’t fully deciphered how dementia develops. Experts differentiate whether the nerve cells of the brain degenerate, i.e., die without an externally recognizable cause (neurodegenerative), as in Alzheimer‘s disease, or whether the nerve cells damaged due to circulatory disorders of the small vessels in the brain (vascular).
It’s why physicians speak of vascular and neurogenerative dementia types in dementia diseases. With increasing age, mixed forms of vascular and neurodegenerative dementia often occur.
Protein deposits are common causes
The reason for this varies depending on the type of dementia: In neurodegenerative dementia, the most common form of which is Alzheimer‘s disease, protein cleavage regarded as the trigger (amyloid). They accumulate in the brain and block the transmission of stimuli between the nerve cells, which are responsible for learning, memory, and orientation.
The result: the blocked nerve cells die, leads to a gradual, irreversible change in the structure of the brain. The symptoms associated with this also begin insidiously – usually after the age of 60.Beta-Amyloid is cleaved from a more significant precursor protein ( Amyloid Precursor Protein ). Further peptide fragments attach themselves to the peptide, resulting in deposits that impair the function of the nerve cells and finally destroy them.
Early detection of dementia: risk test is expensive
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offered for the early detection of dementia. As has already been researched, certain brain areas shrink faster in people with Alzheimer‘s than in healthy people.
Early detection has to be paid for out of pocket and can cost several hundred euros to more than 1000 euros. However, the benefit of such an examination is doubtful. The disease cannot be stopped or even cured.
Therapy of Alzheimer Dementia
Some drugs can delay the decay of mental abilities. For example, cholinesterase inhibitors are designed to improve the exchange of information between nerve cells and the brain. The active substance memantine is intended to reduce the glutamate level in mind in patients. An excess of glutamate often found in the brain of dementia, which, according to scientists, promotes the death of nerve cells.
Natural treatment with Gingko
The herbal preparation from Gingko may also reduce the risk of dementia. It extracts from the leaves of the ginkgo Biloba tree. The active ingredient has a particularly beneficial effect on the blood circulation in the brain and is therefore intended to protect nerve cells. However, the study situation for this is quite sparse.
Other therapies for the treatment of Alzheimer Dementia, for example, are also available: Reflex zone massage as well as aroma and music therapy. Individual studies have shown that aromatherapy can have a relaxing effect, for example, in cases of restlessness and aggressive behavior. Practical impacts of reflex zone massages and music therapy have not yet proved.
Despite the treatment options for reducing the risk of dementia, Alzheimer Dementia is not curable. So far, therapies only slightly delay mental decay or make life with the disease more bearable.